Action: Rotating bolt-action
Barrel Length: 20.5"
Magazine: 5 round internal, stripper fed
Overall Length: 40"
In 1938, Russia adopted a carbine version of the Mosin-Nagant. It had a shorter barrel and stock, and as such was much lighter than the 91/30. It didn't, however, have any provision for mounting a bayonet. For this reason, in 1944, a new carbine was developed. The only differences between the M44 and the M38 were that the M44 had a permenantly attached folding cruciform spike bayonet mounted to the end of the barrel, which folded to the right. To accomodate the bayonet, a small groove was relieved in the stock. The M44 and M38 are virtually identical in all other respects.
The M44 went on to be produced long after WWII, becoming a standard issue rifle, along with the SKS and the AK-47, to many soldiers and conscripts in communist countries all over the world. For example, the M44 was adopted in China as the Type 53. Poland, Hungary, Romania and East Germany were among other countries that produced the M44. The rifle was produced into the 50's and 60's.
My particular rifle was made in 1944, making it a WWII era rifle, and one of the earlier M44's produced. It was manufactured in the Izhevsk factory, which is also where my M38 and 91/30 were produced.
Pictures when I take them.